High blood sugar (diabetes) cause a number of pathological changes in the body, especially it affects vascular wall of small and large arteries (diabetic micro and macro angiopathy) in a process called atherosclerosis.
This disease affects arteries throughout the body, especially those which have the richest blood circulation: heart, brain, kidneys, senses, nerves and other organs.
If the high blood sugar joined disorders in fat metabolism (increased blood fat) abnormalities are more intense. Diabetes is ranked among the risk factors for major chronic non-communicable diseases: cardiovascular (coronary artery) disease, cerebral vascular disease and peripheral vascular disease.
Sugar in the blood is determined on an empty stomach. In a healthy person is a normal blood glucose level of 6.1 mmol / l. See blood sugar levels chart for more information.
Patients with diabetes are up to 5 times higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease than patients without diabetes. 1/3 of cardiovascular disease also affects diabetics. 3/4 of diabetics die of cardiovascular disease. Women with diabetes have a 4-fold increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease