Causes of Birth Injuries


Did you know that out of 1000 babies that are born in the U.S, approximately 7 of them will be born with a birth defect? Birth injury malpractice happens as a result of medical negligence by the doctors, nurses, and other medical personnel that is involved during the birth process.

As a result, injury can either be caused to the mother or the child during the pregnancy period or at delivery. Additionally, it can represent itself in the form of wrongful birth and wrongful pregnancy.

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While each of these claims is regulated by its own rules, we feel it is important to know and understand the causes of birth injury malpractice cases that may ensue as a result of medical negligence. Keep on reading to find out more.


Improper Prenatal Care

This is one of the leading contributors to childbirth injuries. When a woman does not receive adequate prenatal care from the moment that she learns that she is pregnant, the risks associated with childbirth can increase significantly. A doctor who is responsible for providing prenatal services to the expectant mother, ought to ensure that special precautions are taken to minimize any risks that may affect the child or mother when she has to deliver the baby.

This includes ensuring that the mother is made aware of any potentially dangerous conditions and that necessary dietary guidelines are followed to reduce the risk of eclampsia and infections for instance.

Obstetric Negligence

Obstetric gynecologists specialize in the promotion of healthy pregnancies and delivery. They can administer safe measures for birth control, detect an array of potentially harmful diseases that can affect female reproductive organs and protect a woman’s overall health throughout her pregnancy. However, Obstetricians are also human, and they are prone to err in their respective areas of practice.

Unfortunately, these errors can be fatal when they affect a pregnant mother and her unborn child. For instance, untreated preeclampsia can result in heart failure, liver damage, and post-delivery hemorrhaging in most cases.

Not Realizing Fetal Distress

Oxygen asphyxiation is a common indicator of fetal distress during pregnancy or delivery. Failure to provide immediate and effective treatment can cause the baby to experience oxygen deprivation that can cause brain damage. It is important to ensure that your doctor can provide the necessary treatment before the problem persists. Common causes of fetal distress are some following.

  • Low blood pressure during pregnancy.
  • Poorly formed lungs of a baby born prematurely.
  • A pinched placenta during the delivery.
  • Prolapse of the placenta during the delivery.

The Bottom Line

The risk factors that are associated with childbirth are many. For instance, tugging at the baby’s limbs during the delivery process can damage the brachial plexus nerves and cause irreversible injuries.

Moreover, the deviation from what is considered the acceptable standard of care can give rise to numerous malpractice causes of action. While mistakes are inevitable, there is a level of care that is required for medical staff and facilities to ensure that risks are prevented.