Protein, carbohydrates, fats and calories

The most common diabetes is type 2 diabetes and happens when the body does not produce enough insulin or cells ignore insulin. For the body, insulin plays a major role in using glucose and converting it to energy. When you eat food, the body breaks down all the sugars and starches and converts it into glucose. The glucose is then used as the fuel for cells throughout the body through insulin.

And for those who have type 2 diabetes, they are in danger of suffering from complications such as

  1. heart disease,

  2. stroke,
  3. kidney disease,
  4. eye complications and
  5. nerve damage.

So, the first step is to get treatment from your physician and the next step is dieting and weight loss through exercise. For most people with diabetes, a healthy diet consists of 40% to 60% of calories coming from foods that supply carbohydrates, 20% from protein and 30% or less from fat.

It’s typically recommended that a diet consists of 4-6 small meals during the day instead of three full meals. The reason is that your blood sugar can be normalized.


For your diet, carbohydrates can be found in foods such as fruits, beans, dairy foods and starchy foods. A good diet to practice when it comes to carbs is to focus on whole wheat breads, pasta and brown rice. Also, consuming dry beans or fresh fruits (canned fruits if packed in water).


For protein, you can find these in meat, poultry, fish and dairy products. If eating meats, it’s all about practicing moderation in consumption, practicing eating smaller portions and to not fry these in oil or fat. Eating poultry and fish is recommended over red meat. Also, if you do eat poultry, remove all fat off of it. As for dairy products, focusing on low-fat milk, yogurt and cheese.

There are low-fat alternatives to fats and oils. You can find low-fat margarine and butter, including mayonnaise. It’s important to avoid fried foods and high fat dairy products.

Other practices in the diet are to count carbohydrates and calories. Many going through a diet try to focus on eating foods that tabulate up to 2800 calories and then lower it when they feel they can and adjust their lifestyle to it. So, in a daily regiment, when eating or purchasing foods, look at the labels, so you can keep track of the carbs and calories you are taking in.

Counting calories, counting carbohydrates

As for counting carbohydrates, this is good for meal planning. One carbohydrate serving is equal to 15 grams of carbohydrates. You plan your carbohydrate intake based on what your pre-meal sugar is and you take an insulin dose that can be adjusted to what you eat.

If you eat more carbs than your insulin supply, your blood sugar levels go up. You eat to little, your blood sugar levels may fall too low. So, carbohydrate calculation is important.

With any diet, working with your physician and dietitian is important. Not only can they help you plan out your meal plan but help you and be a positive support in your goal for weight loss. Also, your physician can monitor your blood sugar levels, insulin levels and weight loss throughout your diet.

Diabetes type 1

3 major types of diabetes exists. Type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes, gestational diabetes is the second most often form and type 1 is the least common.

What is the difference between these 3 types?

In theory, all these types are the same – you are unable to control your blood sugar, or your blood sugar control is impaired.

Diabetes type 1

For millions of families, it’s not uncommon to know someone who suffers from diabetes, which is a syndrome when the body either produces high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), your body doesn’t produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or your body doesn’t respond to insulin (type 2 and gestational diabetes) which can lead to hyperglycemia.

diabetes type 1

But over 15,000 children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes each year. It is not known what causes type 1 diabetes but many children are diagnosed with juvenile diabetes (and some adults as well). Here are several type 1 diabetes to keep an eye out for and if you feel you exhibit one of these signs, it is important to contact your physician to determine if you do have diabetes or not.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Weight Loss

For some diabetics, especially those with type 1 diabetes, some people unusually lose a lot of weight because the pancreas is not producing any insulin. Since insulin creates energy for your body, your body tries to look for an energy source and thus it breaks down fan.
Increase In Urination

A major symptom of diabetics is the fact that they visit the bathroom more often. If you feel that you urinate quite often throughout the day, this is a possible sign of diabetes. The body feels the urge to urinate when there is too much glucose in the blood. Insulin which converts blood sugar to energy may be ineffective and your kidneys are unable to filter the glucose back into your blood. This makes your body react by attempting to exert any extra water in the blood to dilute glucose.

Increase in Thirst and Hunger

If you feel thirsty constantly, this is another symptom of diabetes. Drinking a lot of liquids, leads to more urination. The more you urinate, the more your body will want to replace the water, thus making you feel thirsty.

The same can be said about hunger. Your body is craving for more food as your body wants to convert the insulin to energy.

Feeling Tired All the Time

When your body doesn’t produce insulin (which converts glucose to energy), your body’s glucose does not become cells and your body reacts to being tired since it’s lacking energy thus making you feel weak or tired.

Your Hands, Legs or Feet are Feeling Numb

When there is too much glucose in the blood and it slowly starts to damage your nervous system and cause nerve damage, this can lead to neuropathy and a symptom is numbness from the hands, legs or feet.

Body Taking Longer to Heal Cuts and Wounds

Another sign of diabetes is you notice that your body is not healing as quickly as it should. This is a sign that your body may have a high blood sugar level and there is little to no insulin to convert the blood sugar to glucose (energy).
Other Symptoms

Other symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:

  1. irritability,
  2. itching
  3. blurry vision

Of course, if you are having one of these symptoms, it does not mean you have diabetes but if you have a family with a long history of diabetes or you notice that you have one or more of the signs of having diabetes, it’s very important to meet with your physician immediately.

Symptoms of type 1 juvenile diabetes includes extreme hunger, extreme thirst, frequent urination, drowsiness or being lethargic, changes in vision, sores that heal slowly, having dry or itchy skin, losing feeling in the feet or having tingling I the feet, rapid weight loss and a sweet or wine-like odor in the breath and difficulties breathing.

If you feel that you have these symptoms, it is important to visit a physician and have a blood test to show if you have diabetes. If you do, you will need to take insulin for the rest of your live.

Complication of type 1 diabetes

Complications from type 1 diabetes include heart disease (due to poor circulation), kidney disease (diabetes can damage the kidneys and prevent kidneys to filter waste in the body), eye complications (and even blindness), gum disease (due to bacteria in the mouth), neuropathy and nerve damage, foot complications (which can be due to nerve damage in the feet), skin complications, gastroparesis and depression.
Dealing with Type 1 Diabetes

Many children have learned to deal with their diabetes. Because it is life threatening, it is important for children to receive the education early to deal with diabetes and learn to manage it.

It requires constant attention and multiple injections, multiple blood tests and knowing that insulin does not cure juvenile diabetes. Insulin is what helps them stay alive.

But it doesn’t mean that you can’t live a productive life. Many people with type 1 diabetes have learned to try and managed it to the best of their ability.

But it all starts with being diagnosed and if you have symptoms of type 1 diabetes, it is very important to get checked by your physician immediately and get treatment and also know that insulin must be taken not just for that day but for the rest of your life.

Ask coach G carbohydrates exercise

A set of exercises to lower blood sugar levels

Here’s a list of exercises that will lower your blood sugar levels. In fact, any physical activity will lower your blood sugar level. Why? It is because physical activity will burn your sugar that is present in your bloodstream at the moment and thus reduce it’s amount. In such case there for your organism to use insulin to regulate blood sugar.

Too much exercise can be harmful!

When sugar drops below a certain level problems might arise. Be careful!

Diabetes alcohol

Diabetes and alcohol

A very bad decision in combination with some medicine. Read more in this article.

There is over a million American suffering from diabetes. The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, a hetereogenous disorder which includes the body’s resistance to insulin, a defect in the body’s inability to secret insulin and an increase in the production of glucose in the liver.

Typical treatment of type 2 diabetes is being on a diabetic diet plan which includes weight loss, exercising and monitoring what foods are eaten. But sometimes medications are needed to bring blood glucose levels down.

Types of Medication Available

Medications that are sold are classified in five major categories: sulfonylureas, meglitinides, biguanides, thiazolidinediones and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. Also, within the last few years, newer medications approved by the FDA have been introduced.


Metformin (which is known by its brand name Glucophage) is a biguanide. Biguanides work differently from the previous two as it lowers blood glucose levels by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and also makes the tissue in the muscle more sensitive to insulin to allow for glucose to be absorbed. Biguanides can be take two times a day. Side-effects can include diarrhea when not taken with food and also in rare cases, lactic acidosis.


This medication stimulates the beta cells for insulin production. Repaglinide (also known by its brand name Prandin) and nateglinide (Starlix) are meglitinides and are taken before each three meals. Because it stimulates the release of insulin, there is a chance of hypoglycemia (low blood glucose levels).


This pill stimulates the beta cells in the pancreas to release more insulin. This is an older type of medication that has been used since the 1950’s and Chlorpropamide (which is also known as Diabinese) is the only first generation form of Sulfonylureas still in use today. Second generation drugs such as glipizide (also known as Glucotrol and Glucotrol XL), glyburide (Micronase, Glynase and Diabeta) and glimepiride (Amaryl) are taken one or two times before meals.

Each of these Sulfonylureas medications have similar effects on blood glucose levels but they differ in side effects and how often they are taken. Alcohol taken with some sulfonylureas medications are known to cause vomiting, flushing or some type of sickness. Also known to stop working after usage after a few years.


This medication helps insulin work better in the muscle and fat and reduce glucose production in the liver. Medication used can include Rosiglitazone (Avandia) and pioglitazone (ACTOS). Before, people used to take troglitazone (Rezuline) but was recently taken off the market after a small number of people had serious liver problems. Also, the FDA issued a safety alert in May 2007 that taking the medication Avandia may lead to a possibility of heart attacks or fatal cardiovascular events.

Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors

This medication is known to help lower the blood glucose levels delaying the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose during digestion, thus allowing blood glucose levels from peaking. Medication used is Acarbose (Precose) or Meglitol (Glyset). Side effects can include gas or diarrhea.

Newer Medications for Type-2 Diabetics

There are new medications available such as DPP-4 Inhibitors which block the enzyme DPP-4 and deactivates a protein GLP-1 which allows insulin to circulate in the blood and helps lower blood glucose levels. Another medication is Incretin Mimetics such as exenatide (Byetta) which helps the body make more insulin and Antihyperglycemic Synthetic Analogs such as pramlintide acetate (Symlin) which is used with insulin for tighter blood glucose control.

It is important for any diabetic to research the positives and negative side effects of these medications. With advances in technology, new medications are being introduced to treat type-2 diabetes. Contact your physician if you have any questions.