Diabetic shoes and socks for men and women

Diabetic’s foot apparel

Diabetics should pay more attention to what shoes and socks they buy. It is important to buy proper shoes and socks for better comfort and to avoid possible infections.
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Socks for diabetics

Socks for diabetics at first glance look the same as any other socks, but look again and you will see that diabetic socks are designed in a special way. Plain stitch in the socks can irritate and damage the fingers of diabetics, so diabetic socks have different design. Socks for diabetics have flat seam. They are elastic on the top of the sock which does not squeeze the legs – this may further impair blood circulation. Socks must sit smoothly on foot, without wrinkling. Socks are not cloth, perforated are replaced with new ones.

Which material to use with diabetic socks?

The material of use has long been cotton and wool. This is still considered to be a best choice. But lately, high-quality synthetic materials are also being used.

Shoes for diabetics

In the case of shoes it is important that diabetics purchase quality shoes, which have a soft upper material and sufficient space for the fingers, a thick rubber sole and an insert which can be removed. Diabetic shoes should not be too big or too small, and the heel should not be too high. If you are buying diabetic shoes do note that in the afternoon your leg will be a bit swollen and so fitting your shoes could be a bit of a problem.

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Men and women can use the same diabetic shoes and socks.

How to avoid and possible prevent foot problems?

Every day you need to take care of your feet (medium hot bath for the feet, nails trimmed straight and brushed, hard skin removed only and brush with cream).

Inspect your feet daily for damage, blisters, cracks (the space between the toes) and, if necessary, check the soles with a mirror.

Find a professional who is qualified for the care of diabetic foot.

Wear comfortable shoes that do not squeezing hard and have no stitches. Buy shoes in the afternoon because then the foot is slightly bulged. Every day check the inside of the footwear that there are no foreign objects in it, or it may deform.
Do not walk barefoot, particularly in swimming pools (danger of infection by fungi) or on hot sand on the beach.

Go to a physician specialized in diabetes, which will be review your feet at least once a year, check your blood supply and nerves and, if necessary, refer you to a shoemaker who makes orthopedic footwear for diabetics.

The shoemaker will make orthopedic shoes or put on shoes to reduce the pressure that will prevent incorrect position of the foot, calluses and injuries.

So if you are looking for diabetic shoes and socks you should refer to a professional.

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Sample diabetes diet

Unlike type 1 diabetes which is an auto-immune disease, if caught early, fortunately for type-2 diabetics, diet therapy can help treat the disease and even normalize blood sugar levels. In fact, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed to people typically are overweight and have a family history of diabetes and those who live an inactive lifestyle. So, for those who go on a diabetic diet plan, patients can eventually normalize functions in their body. But before dieting, make sure you contact your physician or dietitian to get some input and ideas and perhaps being put on a diet plan.

The reality is that there are some people who are type 2 diabetics that have a hard time adjusting and changing their lifestyle. It takes a disciplined person willing to accept and take on any diet, healthy or diabetic and like any diets, one must commit to it on a daily basis. So, a diabetes diet therapy must be strictly followed. That is to keep insulin levels down, losing weight, normalizing blood sugar and to do your best so stay with the plan. Diet therapy for diabetics is literally a strict lacto-vegetarian and low-fat, natural foods. This means wholegrain, fruits, nuts, vegetables and dairy products. By staying with this plan, raw foods can help stimulate the pancreas and increase insulin production.

About the Different Types of Insulin

About the Different Types of Insulin

There are over 15 million Americans diagnosed with type-2 diabetes and possibly millions more who are not yet diagnosed. And for those who have been diagnosed, for some their pancreas can still produce the hormone known as insulin but due to aging or even obesity, the less insulin is produced. So, type-2 diabetics will need to rely on injections of manufactured insulin to control their blood sugar (or blood glucose level) or taking diabetic related pills. But in order to achieve control over one’s blood sugar, it is important to know the various types of insulin available.

Insulin is categorized by how fast it works, when it reaches its peak and takes action and for how long the hormone will stay in the body.

Rapid-Acting Insulin

Rapid-acting insulin goes by the name of Lispro or Humalog. It is the fastest working insulin available and once it is injected into the body, it works within 15 minutes. It hits its peak at around an hour after injection and lasts about 4-5 hours in the body. There is also Novolog or Aspart and Apidra and Glulisine with different onset times.

Rapid-acting Insulin is a “clear” type of insulin that is designed to be taken before meals and works by the time the person begins eating. This is essential to the body because the meal is digested and glucose is moved into the bloodstream.

Short-acting Insulin

Short-acting insulin is often called “regular” insulin and also taken at around mealtime. It takes longer to work and is typically taken around 30-minutes to an hour before a meal. It peaks around 3-5 hours but lasts about 6 hours in the body. It is also a “clear” type of insulin that goes by the names of Regular humulin or novolin. Also, there is Velosulin.

a needle for injecting insulin
A needle for injecting insulin into the body

Intermediate-Acting Insulin

Intermediate-acting insulin goes by the name of NPH or Lente is insulin that is mixed with a substance to allow for slow absorption in the body. Unlike the rapid-acting or short-acting insulin which are clear, intermediate is cloudy when mixed. It also takes longer to work but stays in the body for a longer amount of time. NPH works about anywhere between 2-4 hours after injection. Peaks about 10 hours after injection and stays in the body between 10-16 hours. Lente peaks anywhere between 4-12 hours but stays in the body for 18 hours. So, if taken in the morning, it will work all day.

And for children, a shot of this type of insulin in the evening will keep insulin production for a child during the night.

Long-acting insulin

This type of insulin is known as Utralente and works anywhere between 30-minutes to 3 hours after injection and can stay in the body up to 20 hours or more. These are taken before bed or in the morning. Also, available is Lantus, Levemir or Detemir.

There is another very long-acting insulin known as Glargine and it lowers blood sugar level after one hour of injection but has been known to work effectively for 24 hours. Refer to blood sugar levels chart for more information on blood sugar.

Which Type of Insulin Should I Use?

Of course, the type of insulin you need is what your physician will recommend. There will probably be tests to see how fast insulin is absorbed into the body but also judging by your lifestyle from how much you eat or drink, especially if you drink alcohol and also if you are on a diet plan. Also, age is a consideration.

Other factors depend if you are willing to take multiple injections per day and your ability to check on your blood sugar.

Diabetes story

An old page. Redirecting to homepage. A short story on diabetes and fighting of this disease.

Read more information on diabetes on our page.

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High blood sugar levels

High blood sugar (diabetes) cause a number of pathological changes in the body, especially it affects vascular wall of small and large arteries (diabetic micro and macro angiopathy) in a process called atherosclerosis.

This disease affects arteries throughout the body, especially those which have the richest blood circulation: heart, brain, kidneys, senses, nerves and other organs.

If the high blood sugar joined disorders in fat metabolism (increased blood fat) abnormalities are more intense. Diabetes is ranked among the risk factors for major chronic non-communicable diseases: cardiovascular (coronary artery) disease, cerebral vascular disease and peripheral vascular disease.

Sugar in the blood is determined on an empty stomach. In a healthy person is a normal blood glucose level of 6.1 mmol / l. See blood sugar levels chart for more information.

Patients with diabetes are up to 5 times higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease than patients without diabetes. 1/3 of cardiovascular disease also affects diabetics. 3/4 of diabetics die of cardiovascular disease. Women with diabetes have a 4-fold increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease

Blood sugar levels chart

Blood sugar levels chart for diabetics

If you are measuring your blood sugar often than you will need a blood sugar levels chart. Blood sugar levels chart is very handy when you need to evaluate your results, immediately after the measurements. To obtain an accurate blood sugar levels chart you must consult with your personal doctor. Every country uses slightly different values and what might be considered normal in Canada will not be considered in Germany (this is just an example).

How to use a blood sugar levels chart?

The use is simple. You need to take your measurement and write the number on a piece of paper. After that you pick this same number and evaluate it versus a blood sugar levels chart. If the numbers are above a certain amount this might represent a high blood sugar level. If your number is below a certain threshold, your might be experiencing low blood sugar levels. In any case if you are unsure of what the numbers should be please talk to your personal doctor.

blood sugar levels chart

blood sugar levels chart

On above image you can see which levels are considered normal, low and high for most of the people. Here’s a story of a patient who utilized a blood sugar levels chart properly.

Due to my feet being exceptionally sore, I decided I should check my blood sugars. After all, dinner this evening had been pizza and I was about due the other half of my insulin…and this was the result:

A Blood Glucose level of 20.0mmol/L (360 mg/dL) was what greeted me. No wonder my feet had decided to kick up a stink. No wonder I had been snarky and irritable most of the evening. Thankfully my Optium Xceed told me ketones were at 0.0. I’ve just done a correction of 6 units and will keep an eye. Bear in mind, I only took 8u before eating dinner and I was about due the other 8; but advice was to just correct the 20.0 and check every half an hour to an hour, and keep chugging the water. Bets on when ketones will show up? I was happy to had a blood sugar levels chart on me so I could asses the numbers.

Even if your alone, make sure you have blood sugar levels chart on you

Diabetes can be a very lonely disease at times, especially when it seems as if you’re the only one out there with it. You can go out and never see another human being checking their blood sugars or giving their injection. And more so, you can go out and have to do these things yourself and then receive funny looks in return. This is why I am so grateful for the diabetes online community. It was just last year when I found myself looking for something online to help me come out of my rebellion. Now I always have blood sugar levels chart on me so there can be no more surprise blood sugar spikes on me. I have it in my pocket and use it when needed.

I sometimes lend it to my colleges or friend who needs it too. I also suggest you take your blood sugar levels chart with you so you will avoid trouble before it becomes real.

Reviewed: 2015/09/30

Translating your a1c readings to a blood sugar

How to translate your a1c readings to a blood sugar?

a1c reading represents an average blood sugar levels in a patients over a period of time. Translated readings are as follows (values in brackets stand for mg/dl):

  • 12% = 298 (240 – 347)
  • 11% = 269 (217 – 314)
  • 10% = 240 (193 – 282)
  • 9% = 212 (170 –249)
  • 8% = 183 (147 – 217)
  • 7% = 154 (123 – 185)
  • 6% = 126 ( 100 – 152)

If you are unsure what your levels are or what your levels should be please consult a blood sugar levels chart. By using a blood sugar levels chart you will be able to see quickly whether you need insulin or something sugary to boost your sugar levels. In any case a blood sugar levels chart is very useful and should be in any diabetics pocket.