Protein, carbohydrates, fats and calories

The most common diabetes is type 2 diabetes and happens when the body does not produce enough insulin or cells ignore insulin. For the body, insulin plays a major role in using glucose and converting it to energy. When you eat food, the body breaks down all the sugars and starches and converts it into glucose. The glucose is then used as the fuel for cells throughout the body through insulin.

And for those who have type 2 diabetes, they are in danger of suffering from complications such as

  1. heart disease,

  2. stroke,
  3. kidney disease,
  4. eye complications and
  5. nerve damage.

So, the first step is to get treatment from your physician and the next step is dieting and weight loss through exercise. For most people with diabetes, a healthy diet consists of 40% to 60% of calories coming from foods that supply carbohydrates, 20% from protein and 30% or less from fat.

It’s typically recommended that a diet consists of 4-6 small meals during the day instead of three full meals. The reason is that your blood sugar can be normalized.


For your diet, carbohydrates can be found in foods such as fruits, beans, dairy foods and starchy foods. A good diet to practice when it comes to carbs is to focus on whole wheat breads, pasta and brown rice. Also, consuming dry beans or fresh fruits (canned fruits if packed in water).


For protein, you can find these in meat, poultry, fish and dairy products. If eating meats, it’s all about practicing moderation in consumption, practicing eating smaller portions and to not fry these in oil or fat. Eating poultry and fish is recommended over red meat. Also, if you do eat poultry, remove all fat off of it. As for dairy products, focusing on low-fat milk, yogurt and cheese.

There are low-fat alternatives to fats and oils. You can find low-fat margarine and butter, including mayonnaise. It’s important to avoid fried foods and high fat dairy products.

Other practices in the diet are to count carbohydrates and calories. Many going through a diet try to focus on eating foods that tabulate up to 2800 calories and then lower it when they feel they can and adjust their lifestyle to it. So, in a daily regiment, when eating or purchasing foods, look at the labels, so you can keep track of the carbs and calories you are taking in.

Counting calories, counting carbohydrates

As for counting carbohydrates, this is good for meal planning. One carbohydrate serving is equal to 15 grams of carbohydrates. You plan your carbohydrate intake based on what your pre-meal sugar is and you take an insulin dose that can be adjusted to what you eat.

If you eat more carbs than your insulin supply, your blood sugar levels go up. You eat to little, your blood sugar levels may fall too low. So, carbohydrate calculation is important. Refer to blood sugar levels chart for more information.

With any diet, working with your physician and dietitian is important. Not only can they help you plan out your meal plan but help you and be a positive support in your goal for weight loss. Also, your physician can monitor your blood sugar levels, insulin levels and weight loss throughout your diet.


Diabetes coaching

Diabetes coaching is coaching a person with diabetes. When illness is diagnosed many people lose their minds and don’t know how to accept the new reality – in such case diabetes coaching is a good option for them. A lot of people is diagnosed every day and many need guidance. Diabetes couching is the smart decision.

Are you looking on this web page to help someone about whom you care? Perhaps yourself? Are you wondering what questions to ask your doctor? Are you trying to understand what the doctor told you? Are you trying to figure out how concerned you really should be about those lab results? The following paragraphs will tell you only part of what you need to know. The numbers only tell part of the story. The rest of the story is one that you or your friend need to understand in order to control your health and your life.

Diabetes is a complicated, complex disorder that you will be in charge of most of the time. Your doctor or other health care provider will be involved in about 2 – 5% of your diabetes care. The rest of it is up to YOU!

Think about it. Would you put yourself in the hands of a doctor who was going to be in charge of your health 95 – 98% of the time knowing that that doctor had only a beginning knowledge (at best) of your disorder? No? You or your friend will be in charge of his/her own diabetes care 95-98% of the time. Knowing as much as possible about diabetes care is the very best way to ensure optimum self-care. A Certified Diabetes Educator is prepared to teach you/your friend what s/he needs to know to be in complete control of his/her own health and to stay well…and functioning for a long, healthy life. Your Diabetes Coach is a Certified Diabetes Educator with 10+ years of experience. Let the Coach help you or your friend — today! *

Translating your a1c readings to a blood sugar

How to translate your a1c readings to a blood sugar?

a1c reading represents an average blood sugar levels in a patients over a period of time. Translated readings are as follows (values in brackets stand for mg/dl):

  • 12% = 298 (240 – 347)
  • 11% = 269 (217 – 314)
  • 10% = 240 (193 – 282)
  • 9% = 212 (170 –249)
  • 8% = 183 (147 – 217)
  • 7% = 154 (123 – 185)
  • 6% = 126 ( 100 – 152)

If you are unsure what your levels are or what your levels should be please consult a blood sugar levels chart. By using a blood sugar levels chart you will be able to see quickly whether you need insulin or something sugary to boost your sugar levels. In any case a blood sugar levels chart is very useful and should be in any diabetics pocket.

Ask coach G carbohydrates exercise

A set of exercises to lower blood sugar levels

Here’s a list of exercises that will lower your blood sugar levels. In fact, any physical activity will lower your blood sugar level. Why? It is because physical activity will burn your sugar that is present in your bloodstream at the moment and thus reduce it’s amount. In such case there is no need for your organism to use insulin to regulate blood sugar because most of the blood sugar is burnt during activity.

Too much exercise can be harmful!

When sugar drops below a certain level problems might arise. Be careful!

Your diabetes science experiment blood sugar chart

Your experiment blood sugar chart to use

If you need an accurate blood sugar chart you will need to talk to your personal doctor. A blood sugar chart is your best companion, whether you are type 1 or type 2 diabetic. For type 1 people blood sugar chart just might be a little more essential as they need to control the blood sugar all the time. With type 2 things are a little bit easier, but not easy of course.

Blood sugar chart

Below you can find an accurate blood sugar chart that will come in handy for most users. It shows glucose levels that are expected. This blood sugar chart is valid for 2014 and onwards, until new values will be introduced. By for now you should stick to these values.

blood sugar chart

blood sugar chart

A value from 4 – 6 mmol/L is considered normal. All values under 4 mmol/L might indicate problems as this is considered a low blood sugar level. Levels above 6 might indicate diabetes. Such value is considered high BS. These are all fasting blood sugar levels.

What to do if levels drop too low?

If your glucose levels drop too low (for example 3.5 mmol/L or lower) symptoms might start appearing. These includes dizziness and disorientation. In such case it is advised to eat something containing simple sugars. If levels drop too low (below 3 mmol/L) you need to seek medical attention as severe symptoms might appear. It is advised that you measure you levels several times per day and compare results to blood sugar chart. This way you will always know in which zone you are at the moment.

What is the levels are too high?

If your blood sugar levels go too high and you read from your blood sugar chart that this might indicate problems (levels above 6 mmol/L are not necessarily bad – for example after fasting your levels will spike). In such case you need to inject insulin or act fast to lower your blood sugar levels. In any case pay close attention to consult a blood sugar chart to see on which scale you are right now. Blood sugar chart will provide threshold values and should be in your pocket (or installed on your phone as an application) at all times. Only this way you will be able to stay in control of your glucose levels.

Where to get an accurate blood sugar chart?

You can ask your doctor to provide you with most accurate chart. It is important to know that there is a difference in between metric blood sugar chart and imperial blood sugar chart. Both will have different version. Metric is express in mmol/L whereas imperial is express in mg/dl. Both values represent the same thing, but they are in different units.


If you are type 1 or type 2 diabetic you will need your blood sugar chart at hand. Please keep in mind that the values might differ, but you can always use a blood sugar converter to convert values. There is also one other measure for expressing blood sugar values and this is the so called a1c value. You can read more about a1c in this article. Keep your blood sugar chart close and your finger prick tester closer.